Monday, March 25, 2013

From System to structure

According to Dumont (1980), the caste system played a main role to exist the hierarchy in a society. He claims caste divides the whole Indian society into a larger number of hereditary groups distinguished from one another and connected together by three characteristics:
1. Separation on the basis of rules of the caste in matters of marriage and contact whether direct or indirect.
2. Interdependent of work or division of labor each group having in theory or by tradition, a profession from which their members can depart only within certain limits.
3. Hierarchy which ranks the groups as relatively superior or inferior to one another.

Monday, March 18, 2013

नसोचिएको गन्तव्य

विदाको एक दिन घुम्दै सल्सबरी जाने निधो गरे त्यसको लागी अनलाइन वस टिकट काटेकी थिएँ सधै भिक्टोरिया कोच स्टेशनबाटै चढ्ने फर्किदा पनि भिक्टोरिया कोच स्टेशनमै ओर्लने गरेकी थिए तर त्यो दिन खै के सुर चल्यो हानिए हिथ्रो अएरपोर्ट तिर मैले हिथ्रँेबाट बस १२.३० मा चढ्नु पर्ने भए पनि करिव करिव आधाघण्टा अगावै त्यहा पुगि सकेकी थिए नजिकैको प्रतिक्षालयको आडमा आफ्नो सानो झोला विसाएर चिसो फलामको चौतारीमा आफुलाई पनि बस नआउन्जेलको लागी विसाए कसै सँग नबोली वा केही नगरी आधा घण्टा समय विताउनु मेरो लागी एउटा सजाय काट्नु सरह थियो पनि पर्खनु पर्ने नै थियो त्यसैले कुर्दै थिए लण्डनको साझा बस

summary of The essentials of the Kula


Friday, March 15, 2013

How is society possible?

According to Simmel (1910), human being has a prior knowledge so the nature is possible due to human generality and thinking.  So the empirical society also possible due to the analogues with nature and it is also the aphoristic condition. But in Kantian theory it cannot be characterized by simple phrase. Here also exist the same rules as nature, that a society only through the process of human consciousness. The consciousness processes wherewith socialization. It is possible due to reciprocal determination of individual, the reciprocal significance of the individual for the totality of the other individuals. so it become a kind of principle which is not recognized in the abstract, but its lie on society and expresses itself in the real practice. This kind of structure depends up on generality, a certain degree of individuality and its function.  The causal interdependence in a social things, behavior and practice determined social element being and doing of every other. Thus it brings into existence other external network of society and transformed into a teleological interdependence.  Every human has personal attitude, egos, individual bearers because all human beings are creature of nature and they all grown in a soil of personality which is self- exist and self-determining. All this above subjectivity determined the life- process at which point the peculiarity of the same becomes a necessary member in the life of the universe. So the fundamental category gives to the consciousness of the individuality and it distinguishes the individual as become a social element and society is possible. 

 Simmel, Georg (1910) "How is Society Possible?" American Journal of Sociology. Vol. 16. No. 3, pp. 372-391